LS – Improve Prototyping

What is meant by it?

Improve prototyping is a kind of liberating structure that helps a group of people in learning and improving by the knowledge shared to them by other participants through performance. It will automatically lead them in generating new ideas that will help them in the future to solve several daunting problems. You can get a significant amount of work done playfully through Improve Prototyping.

How is it done?

Open space is required to conduct Improve Prototyping, and you will also need several props for different scenes. Chairs will also be given to the participants to sit. There will be groups of players and observers. You can begin this by explaining the sequence of Improve Prototyping to everyone in 2 minutes. Three minutes will be given to set the stage and describe the scene and roles. The observer group will put together the pieces and explain what they understood within 5 minutes.

What is its purpose?

Improve prototyping is such a liberating structure that will help people to start thinking in a new way and to break a challenge into smaller pieces so that it becomes easy to solve it. It will also enable people to learn from each other.

What are its Tips and Traps?

Make sure to invite people from different fields. Use dramatic lines to engage people so that they can generate new ideas. Try your best to make people leave their old assumptions and start thinking in an unbiased way.

Examples – Where can it be used?

This agile project management technique can be used in the following circumstances:

  • Training for general courses in hospitals.
  • For people working in the sales department to interact with their customers differently.
  • To train young nurses.
  • To train teachers how to control a classroom with disruptive behavior.

— Slimane Zouggari

LS – DAD

What is meant by it?

DAD will make it easy for the individuals to be able to find better solutions to complex problems by discovering different practices. It will also stimulate each participant’s creativity that will help in solving the problem.

How is it done?

You can begin this organizational structure by inviting people to join the group who would want to solve a complex problem. You will then be asking them seven questions related to how they would solve the problem. This meeting will take place in a local place and the groups can either be standing or sitting. Each participant will be given a paper and flipchart. The facilitator shall state the purpose of this meeting for 5 minutes and then will begin DAD by asking the seven questions which will be answered by the participants. Everyone can note down the ideas and insights.

What are its purposes?

It will help people to find solutions for difficult problems and inspire people to engage in solving complex problems. You would also learn how to work with people and build a relationship with them when trying to solve a problem.

What are its Tips and Traps?

For this liberating structure, your question 2 would be dealing with how a particular problem affects one person individually and how it affects other people as well. You should also try to make impromptu invitations for people to participate in the DADs. Make sure that people are in a comfortable environment. Encourage the participants to speak and share their stories so that they can come up with a solution. Don’t use statements such as “this is a good idea” and let the participants assess themselves; however, don’t let them judge themselves too harshly.

Examples – Where can it be used?

DAD is a liberating structure which can be used for several project management programs such:

  • To help the public in solving a severe issue together.
  • To reduce the harm done to patients because of wrong surgeries, medications, etc.
  • To help in building professional competency.
  • To find the solution to a tough challenge.

— Slimane Zouggari

LS – Shift & Share

What is meant by it?

Shift & Share helps different innovators in letting the public know about their useful ideas and programs that they had not been able to tell before. So, when each presenter is given 10 minutes to tell about their innovations, people will be able to learn quickly from them and even adapt what they had learned in their own lives.

How is it done?

Firstly, you will have to make sure that the participants meet different innovators who will share their stories with them. Ample space should be available where they can set up 5-8 stations. A few members would be included in the presenter’s group, whereas the people in the small groups can equally participate. Each presenter will be sitting at his or her station, while the whole group would be divided into the number of presenters available. Each small group will go to each presenter’s station for 10 minutes where they shall ask questions from the presenters.

What is its purpose?

Shift and share can be used for sharing your ideas and innovations with other people to build trust among each other. It also helps to enable people to realize that they have the potential to do something productive.

What are its Tips and Traps?

The tips and traps of this agile project management technique include picking presenters after looking into their social accounts. You should also make sure that the schedule is strictly followed and the presenters should be fully prepared. The presenters should be able to tell their story in an engaging way which will help the audience in understanding that a small example can bring a significant change. They should also use different patterns and objects during their storytelling segment.

Examples – Where can it be used?

Shift and share is an amazing organizational structure, which can be used in the following circumstances:

  • During conferences when you introduce different technology applications to everyone.
  • For letting the new members of a research group know more about how to be innovative.

— Slimane Zouggari

LS – 15% Solutions

What is meant by it?

Regardless of how small your contribution is, it matters. So, 15% solutions will show that you don’t have to sit and do nothing with the fear of not producing a vast amount of output. Whatever small you create will help in contributing to solving a big problem.

How is it done?

You will start this organizational structure by asking each participant about their respective 15 percent contribution in making something big and what can they do without any resources. There can be an unlimited number of groups. No tables will be required. Therefore only chairs will be given to people to sit in a group of 2 or 4 members where everyone will be contributing equally. For the first 5 minutes, every participant will come up with their own 15% solutions. Then, they will share it with their group members for 3 minutes. 5-7 minutes will be given to the groups to consult with each other.

What is its purpose?

15% solutions can be used for building trust among people and for helping everyone discover what they can do as an individual as well as a group. It will also help to come up with great solutions.

What are its Tips and Traps?

15% solutions are one of those liberating structures that can help you in understanding what is possible to do. You should be ready to expect big things to follow up after you ask for 15% solutions in different meetings. When you are telling a story, make sure to let everyone know how a small change made by someone helped in making a lot of progress.

Examples –  Where can it be used?

15% is an agile project management technique, which can be used in the following circumstances:

  • For solving any problem where you need to take the initiative.
  • For facing any challenge and achieving success.
  • For achieving success in a small step.

— Slimane Zouggari

LS – Troika Consulting

What is meant by it?

Troika consulting is an agile liberating structure that can help an individual in seeking knowledge about things that he did not know. Any individual can come up and ask the other person for some insight on the issues that they had been facing for a long time, and the wisdom that they receive from the other person will help them in finally getting a solution to their problem. Therefore, it is peer-to-peer coaching that can help individuals in revealing patterns with the advice and support of their friends or colleagues.

How is it done?

Firstly, you will have to ask the group what kind of help they need and what challenges they have been facing. Each group can have three members. Only chairs would be provided to each group. In every segment, one participant will be the client, whereas the other two members will be the consultants. Every participant will be given an equal opportunity to coach and receive advice.

Each participant will share his challenge with the other two group members in 1-2 minutes. The consultants can ask any further questions from the participant for another 1-2 minutes. Then, the client will turn around, and the consultants will produce their suggestions and ideas for 4-5 minutes. After this, the client will turn around and let the consultants know what he or she valued the most about this experience for 1-2 minutes.

 

What is its purpose?

It helps people in being able to ask other people for advice and also builds trust among people. Together they can find a solution, which strengthens their problem-solving skills. Troika consulting can also improve your listening and consulting capabilities.

 

What are its Trips and Traps?

Make sure that you form groups of participants with different roles. Every participant should offer complete support and think about the challenge analytically to give important advice to the client. If one round of coaching does not satisfy the client, then do another segment. Participants should take risks while keeping this thing in their mind that they should not offend their client.

Examples – Where can you use it?

Troika consulting helps in the following circumstances:

  • Staff meetings
  • Presentations
  • Conferences

— Slimane Zouggari

LS – Appreciative Interviews

What is meant by it?

For anyone to be successful, one must be positive instead of negative. So, with the help of this liberating structure, a group of people would sit together and talk about their success stories instead of crying about their problems. Therefore, when a group of people would share their stories under an hour and come up with a list of factors that are necessary for success, it would help to bring a positive change to any organization. This organizational structure is an agile approach to project management.

How is it done?

Appreciative interviews are carried out by first asking everyone to tell a story where they had to work on a challenge, and they are proud of what they had accomplished. You have to pair up with someone and tell them your success story. No tables are needed to carry the interview out; you will only require chairs. There can be an unlimited number of groups.

A paper and flip chart will be given to everyone. Each participant will have equal time to contribute. In the first 3 minutes, the instructor will be telling the participants what kind of story they are supposed to tell each other.

Participants will then pair up with each other and 7-10 minutes will be given to each participant to tell their success story to their partner. Then, a group of 4 participants would be formed where each participant will retell the story of his partner to the group. Other group members will be taking notes while listening to the story. Insights and patterns would be collected on a flip chart. Everyone will get 15 minutes to summarize the assets and conditions. Then, you will ask everyone as a whole that what conditions will help in getting success.

Why is it used?

Appreciative interviews can be used for spreading positivity and knowledge so that everyone will know how to achieve success in a specific field. When you know the proper path to get success for something, you will follow that path.

 

What are Tips and Traps?

The participants should not to bring up any negative story and engagingly tell their success story. Ask the participants to give a title to their respective partner’s story. Make sure that you can show the patterns in every story.

Examples – Where can you use it?

Appreciative interviews can be used in the following circumstances:

  • It would help in revising college courses.
  • It would help in repairing a doctor-patient relationship.
  • It would help in building trust with an NGO.

— Slimane Zouggari

LS – TRIZ

What is meant by it?

TRIZ is a problem-solving analysis that can help a group of people to let go of the knowledge that they had which was hindering their success. Therefore this organization structure helps in agile project management. The question asked in TRIZ is that things we must stop doing so that we can finally make progress.

How is it done?

TRIZ a three-step process in which you will have to ask all the participants to make a list of the things that would lead you to the worst result. Then, ask the participants to go over that list and ask them whether they have been doing any of these things and to be brutally honest while making another record in which they will write down their counterproductive programs. When they have done this, ask them to throw their second list and decide which steps will help them in finally getting a desirable result. The allotted time for each segment is 10 minutes.

A paper would be given to all the participants. There can be as many groups as you wish for there to be. Chairs and tables must be provided too. Everyone will be participating equally in a group of 4-7 participants. Each group will be following the 1-2-4-all technique in every segment.

What can it be used for?

It helps people in finally discussing the things they would not even think of speaking about, which will make it possible for people to achieve the goals that they could not because of certain activities.

What are its Tips and Traps?

Try to create a fun environment and don’t be too serious. Don’t come up with new ideas, instead talk about what things you should not do to make progress. Give the participants enough time so they can figure out what they have been doing wrong in the past. If a group looks confused, then help them.

 

Examples – Where can you use it?

You can use Liberating structure: TRIZ in the following circumstances:

  • To help institutional leaders to reduce diverse voices.
  • To help IT professionals not to build an IT system that is not wanted by anyone.
  • To make sure the leadership groups are doing their work correctly.

— Slimane Zouggari

LS – Wicked questions

Liberating structures: Wicked questions

What is meant by it?

Asking wicked questions during presentations, meetings and conferences is another great way used by the agile community for making sure that everyone engages in the discussion. It helps to sharpen everyone’s ability to think more strategically. Therefore, when you ask wicked questions, the participants will have to open their minds and think strategically to answer your question.

How is it done?

Begin the session by asking everyone which complementary strategies do we need to follow to be accomplish our goals. You can make a group of 4-6 people. Everyone should be equally involved in the discussion. Participants can either participate individually or they can form small groups or work as a whole. Once the groups are made you will explain them what wicked questions are. For 5 minutes each pair will be discussing about the wicked question format. In the next 5 minutes, each group will select their most strong wicked question. Then, everyone as a whole shall pick out the most powerful wicked questions within 10 minutes.

Why are wicked questions important?

It will help you to develop your innovative strategies so that you can move forward and evaluate your decisions. You will be able to use your creative skills and engage with other people.

Tips and Traps

Following are some tips and traps that may help you:

  • Every participant should answer both sides of the paradox.
  • A variety of examples should be used.
  • Try to work in circles.
  • Don’t use nasty question.
  • Don’t ask questions related to data.
  • Let everyone participate equally and give in their ideas.

 

Examples

Wicked questions can be used in the following circumstances:

  • They can be used for parental advice.
  • For helping leaders to keep the public involved plans.
  • To manage huge global operations.
  • In functional departments including HR, legal, etc.

— Slimane Zouggari

LS – Nine Whys

Liberating structures: Nine Whys

What is meant by it?

In the world of the agile community, the ‘Nine Whys’ play a great role as these liberating structures can help in making everything more clear and simple. Whenever you are discussing something with a group, always make sure to explain your point with clarity. Once the point is clarified only then you should move onto the next question.

How is it done?

Firstly, you will ask everyone what would they do if they were working on a specific matter and then ask them to make a short list of tasks. After that, you will have to keep asking them ‘Why’ related questions nine times so that the participants can get understand their work in a deeper way. There should be chairs for people to sit on without any tables and the number of groups can be unlimited. Everyone will be participating equally. First pairs will come, then groups of four people will come and then everyone will come as a whole. Every person will be interviewed by his partner for 5 minutes. Each pair will then share their experience with another pair for five minutes.

What is its purpose?

This technique will help you in knowing the importance of group members and it will also help you in organizing a momentum through your stories. Therefore, you will have to provide clear answers so that everyone can move forward.

Tips and Traps

You will need to focus on the following tips and traps:

  • Always try to avoid judging other people and make sure that everyone feels welcomed and comfortable to work with you.
  • Have fun with your partner and keep on asking them ‘why’.
  • Keep digging in for more information by using the ‘why?’ questions as much as you can.
  • Keep the stories shared between you and your pair confidential.

Examples

Following are some of the circumstances where you may have to use this liberating structure:

  • To clarify the purpose of launching a new product.
  • In the start of any coaching session.
  • To clarify your person purpose as an individual.
  • To clarify why you are launching a collaborative research work.

— Slimane Zouggari

LS – Impromptu networking

Liberating structures: impromptu networking

What is impromptu networking and what is made possible?

Impromptu networking is another kind of liberating structure, which is very beneficial for the agile community. It can be used to grasp the attention of a group of people on a particular problem so that they can solve it. It helps in problem-solving. People tend to lose their focus on things, which is why they can solve a particular problem, however with the help of impromptu networking you will be asking questions in 20 minutes to address a specific problem. You will make sure that everyone is attentive and you all will work together to figure out how to solve the problem.

How is it done?

First of all, you will invite the audience into the discussion by asking them questions related to their main aim to be a part of this group. Make sure that the participants are allowed to sit in an open space without any obstruction. Everyone should be given an equal opportunity and time to speak. You can either make pairs by yourself or allow them to form their own group with strangers or people they know. Three rounds are held in each round every person is given 2 minutes to answer the questions.

What is its purpose?

The purpose of liberating structures is to make sure that everyone engages in solving the problem by answering thee question. It will also help shy people to be a bit more confident. Sometimes little suggestions can make a significant change.

Tips and Traps

Here are some of the tips and traps that may help you.

  • Ask one challenge question.
  • Ask one give and take question.
  • Ask engaging questions from the participants.
  • Before you being a meeting you can use impromptu networking.
  • You can use bells to enter the other round.
  • Ask open-ended questions.

Examples

You can take help from this kind of liberating structure in the following circumstances:

  • To make a deeper connection with the class, the professors tend to ask questions like, “Why do you want to attend this class?” or “What do you think you will learn from this class?”.
  • People can use impromptu networking to start a cross-functional or interdisciplinary learning session such as with judges and lawyers.

— Slimane Zouggari