LS – 1-2-4-all

What is meant by it?

When using liberating structures 1-2-4-all, you will be able to engage everyone regardless of the fact how big the group or audience is. In this way, by involving everyone you will produce better ideas and get the work done faster. People will not be hesitant to put forward their ideas, therefore solutions would be found easily. In this kind of liberating structure, an open conversation will be held between the participants which will help them in being more creative and the solution will be found easily.

How is it done?

Firstly, you will have to put forward a question to all the participants regarding to the presentation of the issue such as ‘How would you solve this problem?” or “How would you progress in such a situation?”. There can be unlimited number of groups and it is optional if you want to provide them with chairs and tables. The participants will be working in pairs and then in groups a of four. A paper shall be given to all the participants so that they can note down their observations. Every participant will be participating equally. First, the participant would start alone for silent self-reflection for 1 minute, then a pair would be formed to build ideas for 2 minutes and then a group of four people would be formed so that they can share their ideas for 4 minutes. Finally, everyone would discuss their ideas with each other for 5 minutes.

Why are they used?

There are various reasons why these liberating structures 1-2-4-all are used. They will help in making everyone engage more to search for answers, it will reduce the dependency of the vicious cycle, it will also diminish the power differentials, quiet conversations will be improved, and people would become good at observing before expressing their insights.

What are the Tips & Traps?

Before getting into a paired conversation, make sure to do self-reflection and then ask everyone to note down their point of views during that. You can use bells for different announcements. Make sure to complete your presentation in the allotted time. Ask each group to put forward their insights. It is also very important that one person speaks at a time. If you think that you have more to say, then you can go for another round.

Examples – Where can you use it?

Now you must be wondering, where you can use these liberating structures 1-2-4-all, right? Well there are several times when you can use them that are listed below.

  • After giving a speech or presentation, it is always important to get feedback to know how did you do. So, instead of asking, ‘any further questions?’ you can use the liberating structures.
  • Managers can also use 1-2-4-All to plan how they will conduct their meetings.
  • You can use them to chat about meetings.
  • For starting a discussion which is stuck on some other matter.
  • If you are a leader, then you can use them for conveying a message to your followers.

— Slimane Zouggari


A German company named Kommunikationslotsen was first who came up with the visual facilitation and created their first product which is like picture card’s pad. The word Bikablo is a German word, Bi-ka-bla means picture cards pads in English. This product was like a visual dictionary with a collection of some picture cards on the block. Based upon the first product the company created, bikablo then came as a brand. And now, Bikablo is a training center, pioneer, and laboratory for visualization of hand-drawn.

In the world of Agile, Bikablo is a well-known organization. Diagrams and PowerPoint have always been used for securing knowledge, developing some of the smarter products, explaining processes and strategies in the past. But a smarter way to secure the knowledge is drawing more than any kind of diagram and PowerPoint figures. With bikablo, one can put up giant layout techniques, dramatic visual compositions, and emotions figures and convey your point and message in a superior way than any kind of diagrams and PowerPoint clip. It can benefit your team, project and the strategy.

In other drawing methods you have to learn how to hold the ruler to draw lines and shapes but in bikablo training, you would be taught how to really hold the pen and without using a ruler how one can draw a straight line and just get everything out straight from the pen. Through bikablo, you would be able to transform your presentations into dramatic compositions. You can make Sketchnotes in a far easy way by learning visualization technique that will help a lot in the facilitation of your workshops and office meetings. Visual storytelling, Graphic recording, Visual meeting facilitation, and visual consulting all by bikablo, would change the outlook of understanding things in a different and exciting way. You would not require any other drawing skills after getting this training.



— Slimane Zouggari

Kanban Maturity Model

The Kanban Maturity Model (KMM) is basically a very powerful tool for the businesses, organizations, consultants, and coaches. The KMM is a well-known name in the Agile world and is consists of seven maturity levels for implementation. These seven maturity levels are as follows: Oblivious, Emerging, Defined, Managed, Managed Quantitatively, Optimizing, and Congruent. Different tasks are performed in different stages through ensuring high quality. Such high quality practices lead the organization towards the highest degree of maturity. On the other hand, improper application leads towards the lower degree of maturity. This Kanban model is very helpful and useful in showing the current skills of an organizations along with assisting how these skills can be assessed and improved. Most of the people consider this model as a reference model but in reality, it is actually more than just a simple reference model. It offers a roadmap to the organization through which they can enhance their evolutionary capacity in an effective way. This model is highly effective in creating good governance, alignment, unity, and a sense of purpose. This model can be used for a number of purposes such as the following.

Kanban Maturity Model is used in gaining a better knowledge and sense of achievement for the organization. This KMM model is used by various organizations to access and improve their current skills and performance.

This model is widely being used all over the world for the purpose of providing a number of amazing products. It is also being used for ensuring the delivery of high-end and quality-oriented services.

On top of all of its uses, this model is one of the best and top recommended model because of a very important reason. The reason is that the use of this model ensures the superior and desired business results and greater progress.



— Slimane Zouggari


Sketchnoting is a well-known term in the agile world. Sketchnotes are visual notes but rich which are created through a mix of drawings, handwriting, shapes, hand-drawn typography and some visual elements like boxes, arrows, and lines. Do you really like to know how to make your own sketchnotes? Well, if yes then keep reading.

First, keep it in mind you do not have to be an artist when it comes to sketchnote. See the examples of sketchnote of others on social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter etc. Practice it to interpret and read sketchnote of others in order to take meaning from doodles.  Practice how to take visual notes. Skectchnotes can be taken from anywhere like articles, lectures, books, birthday card etc. So take note from anything you would like to make sketchnote on. Try to share your notes with other sketchnote makers in order to communicate through this technique Try to use a variety of tools. For example, use pencil for the first time then switch on to tablet or computers. Find out which technique works best for you. Take a paper and pencil and follow these steps to make a sketchnote.

  1. Decide a layout, like radials, paths, columns etc.
  2. Write a title on the top of the page
  3. As you listen, read or see something, write down the most important idea that you get.
  4. Add drawings to each idea
  5. Use colors to highlights
  6. Then use lines and connect ideas to the drawings

Sketchnote is really helpful in taking notes but visually. It is very helpful in order to remember what you have listened to or seen. Sketchnoting is helpful in organizing your ideas precisely. Sketchnotes make you creative. It increases your concentration, listening and observing ability. Sketchnotes are good to deliver some unspoken messages visually.



— Slimane Zouggari

Lego Serious Play

Do you know what the term Lego Serious Paly really is? Or how you can get started with Lego Serious play? Well, if you do not about this term and want to learn, then keep reading this article.

Lego Serious Play is a special methodology in the agile world. The Lego Group created this methodology and made it available under the open source which is a model of community-based. The goal is to be a creative thinker by using Lego bricks. Big companies use Lego Serious Play methodology to enhance their business performance through the imaginary scenarios by constructing Legos in three dimensions. Now let’s get started with this methodology.

All you need is some Lego bricks. There are multiple colors and set options to choose from.  Go to Lego meetups or organized one of your own. In these meetups, a question will be given to all attendants and each one of them will answer it by using Lego bricks. In the end, a single model will be built as a team in order to represent the understanding of the respected problem. After this action and decisions would be taken. In big organizations and companies, employs the use of Legos to represent their work with confidence and commitment.

By using Lego Serious Play one can explore connections and relationships between people and their world. Lego Serious Play guides you in an honest and freely opinion’s exchange. The tangible and physical construction will allow you to make conversation without fearing of treading upon some kind of personal feelings. This way real issues will get addressed and other people will also get a chance to see the problem with their eyes. Lego Serious play allows you to take a shortcut toward the core. Lego bricks work as a catalyst and when you will use it for metaphor’s building, the processes would be the trigger that you might not previously aware of.



— Slimane Zouggari

Agile Fluency Model

What is Agile Fluency Model?

The Agile fluency model is something that has been derived from the agile software management (IT) techniques. This basically came into being after teams were observed and it has certain core principles at its center. It strives to achieve a team which focuses its beliefs so as to produce business value. Teams which deliver execute on the market with a good market rhythm. Teams that are highly optimized and in sync are the ones that lead the market and teams that are strong contribute in making their own companies stronger.

The above-mentioned principles are what are called as zones and agile teams pass through these to achieve fluency in order to succeed.

How does It work?

What the Agile fluency model tries to achieve is proficiency. Basically, it tries to instill within a team a sense of technique which is continuous and resolute so essentially you can be thinking about go out with friends but actually performing the task at hand with great skill.

What the fluency model tries to do is that it tries to instill within a team something that they are proficient at so that they may achieve the purpose of the zone. Some individuals will have specialties while sometimes the entire group will be proficient at what they do. Basically, a team becomes fluent in what they do and they become autonomous and they apply their skills to problems that come as soon as they arise.

How is it different

The Agile fluency model is different to all the other techniques and methods out there since instead of teaching an organization how to manage themselves or teaching the employees tricks on how to perform better, it focuses on achieving goals by making a team become so proficient at what they do that the tasks of adapting and facing new challenges becomes second nature and a part of a routine.

— Slimane Zouggari

Ogata Heya

What is Ogata Heya?

Ogata Heya is an infrastructure of Japanese workplaces which is very different from the design of well-known Western offices. The structure of the western offices is that the space of the whole room is divided into separate cubicles and each cubicle is working in its own space while the Ogata Heya offices do not have divided rooms nor the divided cubicles; there are tables placed together without any blockage or partition. The members of the same teams can sit together and discuss the work making it efficient and even when someone is sitting far apart, there is no hassle of running from one office to another to find the person.

How does it work?

The main idea of Ogata Heya offices is to make the work efficient and to be able to collaborate. It is a trait in the Japanese Management to keep the work place abuzz and to make the staff members interact with each other to give the best results. The managers can keep an eye on the staff and get the updates from them swiftly. Even a meeting can be held right there in that very room without moving from one partition to another since it is an open space and that makes communication among the staff members much easier.

How is it different from Western Culture?

In the Western Culture, apart from the infrastructure of the workplace, the staff members insist on having privacy while working and they do not welcome noises from other staff while in the Japanese Culture the staff do not mind that. The preference and issues of both the Cultures are very different; while the Western Culture vote for privacy and less noise so that outside disturbances can be avoided while working, the Japanese Culture concentrates more on the work done while everyone sits together and get the job done in a speedy manner.

— Slimane Zouggari


Promiscuous Integration

Promiscuous integration is known as a pub-sub framework in which we replicate the data, in the Ruby applications. In this way, out or order updates are removed and new updates are being replicated time to time thus the subscriber always see the updated updates.

How it works

If you are into CI (continuous integration) when it comes to dealing with dependencies what strategy you are planning to use? Many questions are going to arise when you are dealing with dependencies. Now when you check in to the binary dependency then it is quite difficult for you to get the updates time to time. This is the time when you need to make a strategic decision so that all the difficulties can be managed.

PI is providing you with many benefits over CI and you will face less difficulties with working on any project. You can get the updates and it will be your choice that when do you want to get updates.


  • It can replicate from Postgres, Mongo, Redis and ElasticSearch
  • From one application to another it can observe the model changes and known as remote observer.
  • It is able to publish the virtual attribute as well.

Why is it different from Continuous integration?

We need to figure out the fact that on what basis PI is better or different from CI and under what circumstances.

First of all, we will discuss about CI so that we will be able to know how is it different from PI. When you are working with CI, you will not be able to use the VCS. However, the mainline is said to be healthy hence you will be able to release after any commit safely. If you have made a feature which you do not want to release then it will not affect the other functionalities of CI, but it will require to do some masking if you do not want it to be seen.

While working with PI, it will give you many features to work with. You can release the feature with ease and if you do not want to do that then you can hide it from the UI easily, there will not be any kind of hassle for you.

— Slimane Zouggari

Delegation Poker

Delegation Poker

When we talk about delegation then it says that either I do it or you do it. But in delegation poker there are seven levels of the game. In all these levels, we identify that who is responsible for what and what is the level of that person. Employee engagement is encouraged in this method through clarified value, controlled self-organization and decision making.

How to play

There are some common rules of playing this game but each team play the game differently, all you have to do is to follow the common rules and then play the game on your conditions. It is about how your team is looking at the self-organization and delegation.

You will have to start by the situations and pre-defined case on what you want to establish who has what influence and create a delegation policy. You have the agile development team or authority that is hiring the new members.

If you have a pre-defined case then here are the steps to play the game:

  1. One of all the people, will read the situation to all of them or he can create his own story.
  2. The cards are then chosen privately by the team members, the selection of the cards will represent that how they delegate that situation.
  3. When all the players have selected their card, they will then reveal them.
  4. They will explain their reason for the selection of that card, points will be granted accordingly.
  5. A delegation board needs to be created so that the results can be recorded there.
  6. There must be a person who has the 7 number then if he is alone then no points will be awarded, but if more than one person is having the 7 number then each of them will be awarded with 7 points.

This is mostly used in agile management 3.0 training but people these days use them to train their management teams as well, because it is handy to use; the delegation style and different approaches can be known by using this.

It is a game about team collaboration that how will they collaborate with each other afterwards.

— Slimane Zouggari

Honne & Tatemae

Well, if we are talking about Honne & Tatemae then we are clearly talking about the Japanese culture and they say that these words describe the difference between the desires and true feelings of a person, the opinions and behaviour shown by that person in the community.


Now, if we see that the true feelings and the behaviour shown in public have a clear difference in accordance with the circumstances and position of that person in personal or public. He usually tries to keep the true feelings hidden and shows then only to the people who are close to him, this is called as Honne.


Now, Tatemae is something that the society expects from the person to behave in public or with the random people. Most of the people hide the true feelings and desires (Honne) and some of people show them in public as well.

People tend to lie in front of random people because they do not want to expose their real self in front of public.

Honne & Tatemae is having a chief importance in Japanese culture and according to some analysis it is considered as a cultural necessity. They think that it is of importance in order to avoid the conflicts that can occur in everyday life.

They say that the person is having two faces and they call it outside face and inside face of the person and these two faces are the main reason for the conflicts to occur.

Other people view this perspective that the person is hypocrite but the Japanese people say that this is not a negative thing and they consider it normal. They say that this is the social etiquettes of a person that he shoes them in personal life and public life.

In agile development and change management people are not able to freely express their feelings to the bosses. All the information they have is not shared by the person due to some insecurities that his idea may get rejected or he may not hurt the feelings of others.

— Slimane Zouggari